Places and rivers in Tamil
Some important cities , towns, rivers which has Tamil words and their meanings.
Chennai: Chen-nai =Attraction+Having.
Chen+nai: (Attraction + Storing.) Attractive place.we can also say, செல்பவரை அணைக்கும் சென்னை.
Madurai: This is the capital of the Pandiyan kingdom, their initial capital was Korkai a port city which was later shifted to Madurai.
There are sevaral claims,
Name Madhurai can be from the name Madhura = sweetness.
The name could be the modified version of the word “Moothoor” meaning “old city”, 3rd century BC, Megasthenes visited, the city being referred to as “Methora” in his accounts.
As per my sound meanings, ma=retain thu=keeping with inside rai=take to possession.
it means, the place one do not want to come out of, or the place one wants to be in.
ThiruNelveli: Thiru+Nel+Veli meaning “Paddy Giving place” or Paddy field surrounding place.
Thiruchirapalli: Thiru+Cheera+Palli meaning Goodness Giving place. The word Palli in Tamil refers to a School.(Pal+li literally means, Place where many come and then Go. A resting place, a temporary place, a school can therefore be called as Palli. )
Thirupati: The Giving place, referring the temple here,
Literally Thiru+Pathi = திரு வைத்திருக்கும் நிலை, the one who is rich, or the Vadi->Pathi represents the foot steps of the God there.
VEngada : Another older name of the place Thirupathi, VEn+Kada = Inaccessible/Difficult + to Cross. It represents the mountain or hills there.
Thanjavoor: Than+jai+Oor means a either “The place everyone likes”. or the “The Place that anyone wants to reside.”
Thoothukudi: Thoothu+Kudi , Thoothu means, to Sweep and Settlement referring to the Sandy surfaces.
Thiruppoor: Giving place, wealthy place, godly place.
Erode: Iru+Odai Two streams
Coimbathore: Ko+AmbaTh+Oor The head chieftians place/ or Kings new place.
Poompukaar: the ancient sea port of the Cholas should be splitted as Poom+Pu+Kaar is kept outside + Entry + Support, The word Poo refers to something thats “kept outside” in Tamil.
ThiruChendur: A Giving Good Attractive place.
Kadaloor: Place near the Sea.
Kaan+Cheer+Puram Means a place which cures/blesses/teaches when we visit/see them, a holy place.
Kaan+Chi+Puram Means a place which does not allow to go outside.
Chidambaram : Chith +Ambaram = Opening Up/Destroy + The open space/the vastness
Bengalooru: VenKalooru: White Rock Place. White Granite place. [ Someshwara temple edict says it is Vengalur!]
[ There are other place like “Venkal” near Bangalore, which also got its name because of the plenty of white rocks and these places are famous historically for buying granites for constructing temples, so the name V/Ben Kal oor]
KarNataka: Karnaadakam: Kar+Naadu+Akam is Giving Country.
Oor: This is also a common prefix and thousands of “Oors” are there in Tamil Naadu and also in India, Ooru n refers to outskirts or country side places.
Puram : Also a common prefix for place refers to outskirts and small towns. The word puram itself means “outside” in Tamil, the opposite of “Akam”, its also alternative for the word Oor which also means the same.
Mahabalipuram: in Tamil it should be MaaValipuram and means “Great way’s place ” , Valipuram is the most common word in Tamil and many places in Tamilnadu has vali in it not bali, the word bali is a later day change with letter “v” changed to “b” with external influence.
Kaaraikudi: Helpfull/Protective settlements. Kaaraikaal:
Paakkam: There are so many paakkams in Chennai,(Paakkam refers to a territory within a bigger place, Pakuthi/Paakam should be the origin). Pahu=split.area.
Bedu/Pedu: There are many place names in many South Indian languages that ends with pedu, this should have come from the Tamil word Medu(High raised place). Even words that end in “Baad” used in languages like Urdu could have this origin of MEdu.
Maaldeevs: Islands of Garland.(Maalai+Theevu)
Kavery: Kaa+Viri means river that spreading(viri) support(Kaa)
Vaigai: Vai+Kai refers to “வருவதை தன்னுடன் வைத்திருப்பது“– It contains the one which is coming”
TamaraParani: Thamira could refer to Sanskrit Copper because of its color and and parani refers to the flowing water.
I will split this as Thaan+Mara+Para+Nir meaning River that flows without ego or forgetting itself. Thaan means Self, Mara means to destroy or to forget, Para means flowing and Nir means water.
Paalaaru: Milk river.
Coovam : Surrounding one, Encircled.
More to add….