English(IE) words that sounds like Tamil or originated from Tamil
Below are the list of words from English/Indo European that looks similar to Tamil words with similar meaning, these words with origins in Tamil and have ancient connections with some old Proto European language. Some of these words may also could have come from Indo European to Tamil.
Now after collecting and finding out so many words, I think there should be a deep connection between the so called Dravidian words in Tamil and European language base but many linguists alienated Tamil language due to reasons unknown.
We will see some of the interesting words, some of which will amaze you, Watch this page, The list is growing with new words added to the top, Give your comments if you have some questions or words to share.
Labor : Ulavar(the plougher, Plower)
Heathen : Kaattan (man of forest)
Venom : Vinai / Visham(sanskrit)
Green/Grass : Keerai(green leaves)
Great : Kotra, Koatra (Interesting word, Kotra in Tamil means some thing that stand aside, not comparable to others)
Holy : KOil (Temple) literally its gods/higher(kO) place(il),
Bush : Pul/puthar : புல் Grass
Bark/Barge/*barica : parisal
Dervish(begger/poor) : Thuravi (monk) , Thu-ra = Give away(ra) – the – keeping within(thu). Ancient Indian religion, people are categorized into two, one is who settle with a family and the other is monks(thuravikal), they dont have family, they go faraway places seeking knowledge. Duid another word also looks related.
Corn/Grain : Kurunai (smaller grain) Kuru in Tamil is small. and Noi is Broken or Brittle.
Wide: vidiya(sunrise, symbolically it means wide opening)
Towel : Thuvai/துவை (wash) Germanic source þwēan(wash), dwahan , Hindi (Dhobi) also should be related.
Fade: Vaadu, can also be related to word “Waste”
Drive : ThEr(chariot, Cart), Like in German its Treiben, other English words like Dray, Draw, Drag etc… has the relation.
The Sanskrit word Ratha (the inverse of this sound needs mention).
Paleo/palaio/Palai(Greek) : Palaya (Old) Palaku(Practice) all are related.
Bully : Pollaa (bad, mischievous)
Plus/Plural/Poly – Pala,Pal, PalvEru (many, more,various etc…)
Pale: Paalai (desert and such barren lands) (Long vowel in Pale denotes it doesn’t have much in it, so does a barren land)
Know:Kan (Tamil word Kan means (Eye), kaan=look (This should be the root of many IE words that starts with Kn/Gn) , Latin “Con” also should be related with this word “Kan” (eye) in Tamil, primarily to mean “Gain within” for example words like “consider” “conceal”, “Conduct” are some of the con words. The word “Ken” is widely used in Old languages “to Know”/”To look” .
Tolerate/Thole(peg) : ThOl(Shoulder) [ the word “Atlas” can also be related with, Latin tollere is to lift, Statues of Atlas with the earth on his shoulders need mention.]
Culprit, Culpable – Kalvan,Kallar (Thief), Kalavu(Theft) (Literally it should be, one who gains from the place) [not sure if the word “Guilt” also comes under this]
This, Is, That , Its etc.. : இது/ithu(this), அது/athu(that), இத்(ith), இட(idathu = its place)
Short, Curtail, Curt : Kuruku, Kurai (shorten, to narrow down etc), [this is also one of the widely used words of the Indo European language base including Russian (korotkij-short)]
Collar, Collum, Hals (neck related words) : Kaluthu (neck)
Veil/Wall : VEli(fence)
Aern/Rann : Aran (Aran in Tamil means safeguarding, Aranmanai is palace)
Pare : Pirai (Crescent moon, New moon) (Literally it should be “to show only a little” like a crescent moon.)
Daemon/Devil: Theemai,Theeyavai (Bad/Evil, that which destroys, from the word “Thee” which means “fire”), Latin prefix “de“, also should be related, the root meaning of sound “Thee” is , Keeping with+give away.
Bleach : Vilakku (To clear off, Lighten, Lamp) Vilakkam is explanation ie. “To make one understand”, Latin words like fulgere, flamma, flagrare etc. also has the connection.
Pore/Furrow : Purai
Mega : miku, Mika(Very much, exceed)
Cup : Kuvalai
Oath : Othu -To read (loudly)
Eva-porate – Aavi (Steam) Inverse of “Aavi” is “Evaa”.
Nod : Nadungu
Horse : Kaluthai(Donkey) – Horse in Tamil is Kuthirai. (Arabic word for Horse is Khayl) (Tamil Kalu literally should mean Gain on its place), so Kaluthai and it use for transporting goods on top of it.), The word Shoulder(tamil kaluthu) can also be related.
Gold : kelu(brightness, shining, sparkling), this is an important root word from which came a number of other words like yellow, gold, glow.
Curious : Kurippu (Giving hints, Giving Clue, Notes) Kurithu – Give attention to.
Cure : Kurai (To reduce, To lessen) “Kuru” means Narrow, Compact
Fast : Pasi (Hunger)
Flesh/Foul : Pulaal/Pulai
Wonder : Viyan, Viyappu
Sweat : Viyarthal
Gray/Grey : Kari (Black/Dark)
Harvest : Aruvadai(Aru(to cut) and V+adai(To stock in possession)
Gallery : Kal+arai (Vault, Cemetry) In Latin, galilea is “church porch,” store room in church. in Tamil Kalarai=stone room. There are more words to link Gal, Cal,hul, hallu with Stone or something formed hard. [Even in Hebrew the word Gal refers to pile of stones]
Gallows : Kalu (Wooden for impaling criminals, Ka+l+u(Gain+in a place+inside),
Kaluthai(Donkey) , Kalugu (eagle), Kaluthu(neck) all carry things.
Arable : Er (Plough)(The “E” is the long sound “Ae” referring to the inaccessible place it reach to.)
Finish : Pin(Behind)/Pini(everything lost/hardship)/Pinbu/Pinnaal(Time after/back)/Pinam(Corpse)
Bait : Pakadai
Gate : Kathavu
Fact/Factorial/Factory/ : Vakuthu/Vakunthu (means “to divide, To make(“Thittam Vakuthal”=To make a plan), To make it small)
Pacify/Peace/Pact/Pactum : Paku/Pakutthu/Pakuthi ( To split even between, To share, To allow access within), Padinthu/Padi means (To accept/agree with, to stay calm, To settle in bottom).
Accept: Isaipadu/Isaiputhal (To accept)
Function : Panbu/Pani
Annual/Annus : Aandu
Villa/Ville : Vayal(means Farm) (va+ya+l =comes out/growth + identified + place)
Field : veli
From : Varum (means “comes to a place”)
Find: Pidi-பிடி (in Tamil it means to “Get hold of”)
Fog/Fumigare : Pukai
Focus : Pukal( to get famous)
Fond : Punar (Copulate)
Mature: Muthir-முதிர் ( More older state, Well experienced (for a long time)) (Muthiyavar means old man) (“MootthOr” means elder)
Craft : Kalam-கலம் (Old word for “Ship”, “Plates” in Tamil) Literally “Ka=To gain + La=in a place + M=Occupying” so kalam is something thats “enclosed object to gain certain things/people”.
Burrow : Putru (புற்று, Snake, Rabit, Rat hole etc..)
Turban : Thalapaa (Head+ Cover) (“Thalai” in Tamil is head, The L changed to R) The word ThOpaa, Thopi are variations of our Thalapaa, used in some other near east languages.
Cluster : Kulai (Grouped as one, bunch/cluster)
Cot : Kattil-கட்டில்
Goat : Kadaa (male goat)
Pain : Pini–பிணி (Under control using force, Inflicting hardship, Treating as slaves)
Punishment : Pani/Paninthu/Paninthal-பணி (Work/Under control/Working under kings order)
Tie/Teag/Taug/Knot: Kat, Kattu (Tieg) (inverse sound ) (Ka= Gain, Ta/Da = Movement)
Lion/Leo : Ari (Interestingly Ari or Aryeh is Hebrew word for Lion, and the L and R shift is common between many languages)
Bene~/Benefit : Payan-பயன்
Nation : Naadu-நாடு (Naadu means Native country in Tamil) (They say the word “nation” and “Native” comes from the Latin word “natus”)
Climate : Kilamai (Its a word that defines seven days of the week representing seven planetary bodies including Sun and Moon, also means “under its control”)
Hour : Kaala, Kaalai (“a time”, in Tamil) and the word “period” could be “Poludu”
Year : Gnyaairu (Sun in Tamil)
Yaarn : GnyaaN (Thread) woven around. (arai Gnaan kayiru)
Torque / Turn / Drehen(German) : Thiruhi, Thirukku (Thirumbu=Turn Back) etc…
Dream : ThOrram (Appearance, Look) The meaning is not the same. This is also looks closer to “Thought”
Turb –Thiritharu, Thiri, Thiribu (here Turb should be equal to Thi+ri which in Tamil means change or Losing its current state)
Funeral /Funus : Pinam-பிணம் (means Corpse in Tamil)
Water Lily : Alli (May be of the same family, not sure if both names refer the same flower)
Wealth/Valor : Valam-வளம்
Value : Valu(gain strength)
Girl: Kilathi (Lead women, Rich Girl)
Guard/Garden : Kaadu-காடு (Forest, Field etc… literally Kaadu means “Gain + Hidden + Move + Inside” forests are well protected and not easy to move inside. In Tamil Kaathal means “To Protect”.
Friend/Favour/Free : Parinthu/Pattru/Parivu (Parivu word in Tamil means to show favour or affection)
Betel – VetElai
How/who/what : Yaangu/Yaarkku/Yaathu
Action: Aakkam(To create/To prepare)
Teak – ThEkku-தேக்கு (refers to Teak, Literally ThEkku=Having with + difficult + Gain in)
Mad: Madamai (Mada = Moving mind, Not Stable Mind)
Mind/Math : Mathi(not sure)
Copra – Kopparai (kaappu(protective)+ arai(space/room)) Interesting persian word خمپاره should have this origin.
Give/ Yield – Eekai
Surround: Chutru/Chutram (meaning to surround, to encircle)
Ginger – Ingee (Ginger)
Neer(it means Water) But the word “Nero” in Greek means water. and in Etruscan “Nier” is water.
Water : possible cognate is ootru(spring water) ootru also means to pour. The English word Ooze also looks close. The word Hydro also is related.
Drum : Murasu (Inverse of sound)
Form: Maruvu (change in shape), Maarruvathu(Change)
Nail : Aani
Lemon – Elumichai
Oral/Oration/Orate/Oracle : Urai-உரை ( Tamil it means To Speak, To give some news )
Villain: Villan(In Tamil it means “One who is with the Bow”)
Orange – NaarthanKaai (A fruit with smell) (Naatram in Tamil means smell) (“Naa” sound in Tamil means “We Get hidden” like in Naakku, Naai, Naatram, Naakku etc..)
L. Cappa, Cuff : Kaappu–காப்பு
Quest/Question : KEtpathu, KEl, KEtpa
Swear/Swor/An-Swer : Sol/Sor (சொற்)
Cigarette/Cheroot – Churuttu -(Cigar made by rolling tobacco leaves).
Crude – Kuruthi (meaning blood) related to Latin cruor, cruel etc.
Seer – Seer (to make things right) The words Juri, Justice also should also be from this origin, “Seer Thooku” means “To take things right”.
Birth – Piranthu [In Tamil “Pira” means Other one, new one]
Bird – Paravai [In tamil Para is to spread out] Pa+ra to “More + taking to” the action to fly.
Clay/Glue – Kool/Kali-களி (Ka=Gain + L+i= In a place +not to give out) It refers to the sticky nature )
L.Cappere/Capture –Kaipatru, [In Tamil “Ka” means to Gain/know something, kai, Karam is Hand etc. Kar means Gaining . Words like Carry, Carrier too were close to Kar]
Irrigate : Iraithal (Neer Iraithal , Etram Iraithal is the age old method of irrigating land using well or pond water.)
Get/Take/Tacan/Tacken : Kadan (inverse sound) (Kadan in modern Tamil means “Loan” but literally it means “having something to be given back” and some places it means “duty to return some favor received”.
Bring/Brought: Peruka/Peruthal (பெறு)
Buy/Bought : Vaaitha (German – buggjan), Vaaitha comes from the root word Vaai(mouth)
Broad: Parutha (Literally “accepts more”) Parathai (Prostitute)
More : Mali மலிந்த
One/Uni/Unite: Onru, Onri, Onnuthal etc… (in Tamil the sound “O” comes in words to mean “unite” )
Vision: Vili (To see) [In Tamil the sound “Vi” means “To come out, Visible etc…” words like Vidai, Vilai, Vili, Vidu,Viri ]
Voice : Vaai (“Vaai” refers to “mouth”)
Valve – Vaayil (Opening, Door)
Axle : Acchu + Ach+Chu = அ+ச்+சு = Join inside.
Age : Aayul
Roll/Round: Urul :Rotating or Round, Urulai means Sphere. Uru means shape.
River: Aaru/Aruvi (Other European words for river are Ryo, Rio…) in Tamil AA+ru means “Source unknown + Takes to here”
Rice – Arici (Ari means to “Take within” and si= After breaking/removing)
Reap:Aruppu (Aru means to “Take to inside” “pp” = Many)
Rich: Arasu(Arasu means kingdom in Tamil, The sound Ara= “the action of taking to” and “Su” = “Join inside” meant the “kingdom” the which distributes wealth)
Right: Uriyathu(correct) / Uttra
Rare : Ariya
Polish : Palinga (Smooth and Shining)
Hysteria : Pasalai (The sounds may not match exact, but the meaning are the same, refers to female hysteria)
Horse : Kuthirai/Pari
Taboo: Tappu / Thavaru (Meaning “Wrong” in Tamil)
Watch/Wait: VEtkai(wait with animosity), VEttai(hunting), VEnkai(Jaguar)
Hard: Kari , Kadi (Kadi means difficult to move in Tamil) “Kari” means Sronger in Tamil.
Beauty: Pain(பைந் ) (in Tamil it often refers to something that is colorful).
Full : Mulu
Coir – Kayiru – Ropes.
Curry – Kari – Sause
Mango – Maangai
Aim: Eei (In Tamil Eei means to shoot, To Take from distance)
Arm/Hand: Karam, Kai. (Ka+ra=Gains + Gives)
Leg: Kaal (Just inverse it) in Tamil “Kaa” means support.( in German, “Keule” is Leg)
Star: Chudar (meaning Shinning, Bright) – சுடர் , the sanskrit word NakSatra should also be from this origin.
Dad: Thanthai : (May sound odd, but many languages including European has Tata, Tadah etc… for father., in Tamil “Than+thai” means “Keeping within his possession”)
Practice : Palaku/Palakkam
Brothel /Prostitute : Parathai (meaning Prostitute) “Para” means Spread and not restricted.
Aunt : Atthai
Antham : End (Antham means End, or near to the destination)
Leaf : Ilai
Lose : Ilanth (Illai means “Not there”, Ilivu means going low)
Light : (Lean) : Ilaitthu
Yule : Oli (means light)
Thick/Thin: The sound “Thi” in Tamil itself means “condition”, Thinai, thilai, thikai, thirai, thiram, thiru, thiri, thisai, thikal etc are others words that defines the condition of the object/place.(“Thinai” means very smaller in size)
Blame : Pali
World : Ulaku /Ulakam-உலகம்
Iron : Irumbu-இரும்பு
Boat : Padaku (in French its “bateau”)
Light(noun): Oli (“Li” sound means to leave from the surface)
Lake : Kulam (Latin “Lacus”) in Tamil its inverse and Ku+la = Gain inside + land refers to pond or lake.
Place : Palli (Place, School etc..) In Kannada its Halli for village. or it can be from Pulam(more used place, living place)
Hole : Kuli (Ku+li=Gain inside + Leaving the surface)
Have/Haven/Harbor : Kavarnthu(To gain inside, To capture)
Attach : Thacchu (Means to “To Join” or “To Fix”, “Thacchan” refers to carpenter )
Pan : Pan (Means “many”, “more” “all” etc… )
Cave:Kuhai-குகை (Literally it has these ku=Gain+inside, kai=Gain+possession)
Child : Chiraar -சிறார்
Son: Magan (Here the sound is different but I need to highlight that in Irish and Scottish “Mac/Mago/makko” refers to son)
Sun : Sen (May not be the source, but Sen in Tamil comes to mean, “attractive” or “Bright”, SenjGnayiru is common term to refer “Bright/Red Sun)
Food/Feed : Pindam or from the words oon/oottu /
Know/Knowledge – Gnanam(Knowledge), Gnaalam(Worldly knowledge), In Tamil “Gnaayiru” means Sun, the ultimate en-lightener.
Cry:Kurai(Dogs Barking, Animal Shouting), Kural(Loud Speech) AluKural=Crying Loud, Imil Kural = Birds sound etc..
Stop: Thaduppu (Cut the S)
Steal/Stalker : Tholai ; Stall : Tholuvam, Stale : Thol(old, long time with)
Spear,Javelin, “Veles”, Verutum : Vael (Cut the S, Change P to V, and “R” To “L” these are common sound transitions)
Stud/Stick: Thadi (cut the S)
Shade/Shadow/Skot : Kudai (Cut the S) (Kudai means Umbrella, but early literature it means under the shade, under protection etc)
Stall/Stable : Tholuvam (Cut the S) (Tholuvam means cattle shed)
Snake: Naaka Paambu (Naaka is cobra a type of snake) in Tamil “Paambu” is snake. Naaga literally comes from its smelling sense,using its tongue(naaku)
Calf : Kanru
Spread : Padar/Parantha
Side : Idai (Meaning, Sides also means “Flanks of a person”) (Cut the S)
Stand/Stock(tree trunk)/Stock(for future use) : Thaangu (To withstand), Thangu(To Stay), related with Sanskrit “StAn”
Throw: Thura, Thuranthu( in Tamil it means to reject or keep away from, one who keep away from worldly pleasure is a Thuravi(monk))
Split : Piri (cut the S)
Stack: Adukku (cut the S)
Speed: Peedu (“peedu” in Tamil means , more famous/more progressive/Coming out more )
Sudden : Udden (Immediately)
Sword: Vaal (cut the S)
Shore/Scorre: Karrai (cut the s)
Sharp : Koor
Short : Kuru (Cut the S)
Strength/Stren: Thiran (cut the S)
Street: Theru (again you have to cut the S 🙂 )
Shield : Kedaya, Kedaka, Kiduku
Smile : Makil(cut the S)
Sponge : Panju, Panji (Cut the S)
Cash – Kaasu – coins or dollars.
Cattemaran – KattuMaram – Fishing boats that are made using wooden planks tied together.
Dare : Thiram (Capacity, Strength, Withstanding power) (Sanskrit -Dhairiya)
Root: Thoor (inverse in sound)
Thatch : Thatti
Trans : Thiri (Change, There is a word “Thiritharu” that means Transform)
Adamant: Adangaa(Not in control)
Aid/Aiudha: Udavi(means “help” in Tamil)
Place : Pulam/Valavu
Nerve: Narambu (The strings of musical instrument Haarp(Yaal) is Narumbu)
Feast : Virunthu (Virunthu in Tamil also means feast, there are many other related words in English like Festival, Fair(vila) etc…
Viru literally in Tamil means to “Take in (ru)+ that which are kept within(vi)” like in Wish:Virumbu
Foreign: Piran(others, external) Prae(Latin) Pre(English) Pira(Tamil)
Fear : PEi(ghosts), bhayam(Sanskrit)
Flee/Fleece/Fly : Peeli (Feather Dress, Peacock feather used as dress or decoration)
Force : POr ( Means “War” in Tamil) (forcier means to”conquer by violence”)
Move: MEva (Seeing, effort/difficulty to retain)
Violence : Puyal (Means “Storm” in Tamil)
Fossil : Puthayal (“Treasure/Inside land”, Puthai means to Bury)
Malleable : Melliya (Soft)
Get : Konda ?
Mud: Maasu -Dirt (also “Mann” refers to sand in Tamil.)
Flood : Vellam
Float : Thaval (தவழ்)
Fall/Feel : Veel (Veel means Falling , but in some cases it means to fall in love) may be related to love.
Follow/Belief : Valipadu(accept the way)
Fire : Veru(to be away from), Veri(Fiery), Viraku (dry wood, firewood or Fire source in Tamil) which should be the cognate of the word Fragment or Friction.
Virile : Virai(testicle)
Frissure : Viri / Virisal
Fault/Fail : paluthu/பழுது/Pilai (palu = More in a place, more older) (it would be interesting to study these words further)
Finger : Viral (Some little sound resemblance is there, this word comes from root “Viri” means to spread, to break open etc…,)
Decent : Thakuntha( Matching, Fitting, Appropriate), Thakuthi = state of ability.
Delicate : Thalir (Tender, The newly grown leaves)
Aroma: Naarum. (Orange=Naarthan)
Call : Kooval ?
Battle/bataille /Battalion : Padai ( In Tamil Padai means Army)
Axe: Ari (Ari means “To take in, To cut”) Axe=KOdAri
Lunch/Luncheon : Arunthu (To eat or drink)
Bar: Paarai (Paarai means Large Rocks hidden inside and not easily moved), Crowbar in Tamil is KadarPaarai(literally meaning “cross the rocks/obstructions”)
Poem: Paadal, Poet: Paattinar
Arms: Aran (Aran in Tamil, means Tools for protection, often refers the King’s fort, also Aranmanai=palace)
Vary: VEru , Various: PalVEru
Victory: Venri Win:Venru
Honey : ThEn(May not sound same) but what i want to highlight is another common word for honey in Latin and Greek which is “Milith“, this is again sounds similar to Tamil word “Amiltham” This is the other word for sweet honey or nectar from the flowers.
Hercules : Karikaalan (Karikaalan in Tamil means Great protection/Legs or Elephant legs, The English word “Claw” or “Clutch” should have relation with Tamil word Kaal(Legs)
Christ : Theertha? theertha in Tamil means purify, to nullify, to heal. “theertham” is holy water. The Jain Theerthankar (one who is pure/ finished with his karmas or one who purifies)
Easter: Chithirai(month name)
Gallus,Galli : Kaal/KOli
Kaal in Tamil means Legs representing “Protection from gain”. There is a ancient King named Kari kaalan (Strong Legs/Strong Support)
KOli: In Tamil it refers to Hen/Cock and literally means, “Gain Separating the land” , KO in Tamil refers to King(who has the command), KOl: Rule, Gallus is not English word but I found this from Latin dictionary which means Hen/Cock.
Morrigon(One of Diety from ancient Europe): Murugan/Murugu (God of the Tamils)
I am amazed at the name similarity, how well it matches, Murugan is now considered as a male God, but i believe earlier deivams were considered only as natural forces and do not have Human figures. Interestingly the European festival of “Samhain” conincides with the Tamil Murugan festival of “Choora Samhaaram“, where the Deivam Murugan destroys the surrounding evil of darkness that engulfs.
Some of the above are my assumptions, may be right or wrong, but as one of ancient original language, Tamil should have contributed to English words indirectly.
There are more words to list, but I am on a little research before releasing all those words,
please contribute more if you found some.