கையும் காலும் Tamil word Kai and Kaal
Lets see the root meaning of these words,
கை – தன் பிடியில்
The two important parts for human action are his Hands and Legs. The Tamil word for Hand is Kai, the sound meaning for Kai is க் +ஐ (Gaining + Possession) which literally refers to the action of catching and possession.
Tamil கை/Kai is used extensively in Tamil as a prefix and also as part of another word like in words Eekai, Thakai, Irukkai, Pukai etc…
for example the word Eekai ee=to give away, and kai is to have possession, so eekai is the act of giving alms.
There is an old word in Tamil Kaikilai (கைக்கிளை ) literally it should be கை(in possession) கிளை (branch), in possession + of branch. Branching is Pilavu paduthal, ie. to split.. so Its means to “To keep in possession, of a possible split”, its a state where couples not in union and one of them trying to save the relationship.
[The Latin Cap* need mention, English words like Capture, Capsize, Capable and a lot more words that are derived from the root “seize, grasp or take in control“]
கால் – இடத்தை விட்டு பிரிக்க முடியாதது.
The sound meaning of Kaal is Cannot gain + in a place, comes in the sense that that can not be removed from the ground ie. always sticking to the ground. Possibly related English words like Column, Heel and a lot more…
another Tamil word that has this Kaal in it.. is the Kaalam,(time) which also comes in the same sense of not able to separate from place, always move forward, cannot be taken back.
Another common usage of Kaal in Tamil is Quarter(note the sound of Latin word Quarter), the origin of this word Kaal, stems from the word Leg(Kaal), as often animals or most of structures that stands has four legs and one part of it is a Kaal and thus comes the word Kaal(quarter). May be some ancient hunters divided their share of the animal they had hunted and named one part with one leg as Kaal. 🙂