Old Tamil words seen in Sanskrit
Both Tamil and Sanskrit are languages of our ancients, Often claimed to be unrelated languages , But I want to highlight some of those common words between these two languages, we can see most of the words below have their roots in Tamil and are part of Tamil people’s language and their culture. Also in some words we could find the right meaning only using Tamil. Please go through all the words listed. The list is growing, keep watching…
Aa+Thi , In Tamil prefix “Aa” is added to denote something Hidden, Not visible, Not near etc. “ for example words like ” Aamai, AAni, AAru, Aadu etc… and the sound “Thi” refers to “state of Time” here, Analyzing the sound “Thi” “தி” it refers to state/condition.
from this its very clear ஆதி -Aadhi is an ancient Tamil word meaning ” A state unknown/hidden”.
Mahaa(large) : Miku, Maa/மா
Mahaa as per our sound analysis should mean, (Occupy/retain + Gain + Unknown, ie. those whose size is unknown(large)) which is not available in early Tamil. But Miku(more, exceed) is there in the sense,(exceeding what it can retain/occupy).
Tamil has also ம்+ஆ = Maa which is (Occupy/retain + unknown) is a more generic word which is used to refer things that are wide spread(Maanilam-large land), not limited to fixed place (for ex. Maa in Tamil refer to any animal that roams without a fixed place like Maadu, Maan or generally Maa) which corresponds to Sanskrit/Hindi Aam(more common)
Shri : Thiru/திரு : Thiru is equivalent of Shiri, In Tamil Thi+Ru = In a state of + Taking to inside. meaning who/which is in a condition of having more refers something which is rich or wealthy.
Raksha(Serve, Protect,care) : Irakkam, Irangu (Mercy)/இரக்கம் இரங்கு ( To support one who is in need of help(irathal), Irathal is to ask for help. இர இரவு(begging)
Rishi – Seer/சீர் (In Tamil Seer simply means “to set it right”, “in good condition”, Its the root of the word Seeraham(Jeeraa).) Interestingly English also has a word “Seer” which means a Prophet or Saint like person.
Anth, ANthima : Antham, AnthiThe word Antham, Antham means End, Anthi in Tamil means the finishing state, Near to completion, The evening is called as “Anthi”. “Anthanar” refers to Those who had taken himself to the end.
Dhairya : Thiram (Capacity, Skill, Potential etc..) English word “Dare” is also related to “Thiram”
Chandra: ChenTharu(meaning Brightness Giving in Tamil) (Chandramah = Chen tharu mathi = Bright moon)
Daksina : Therkku, (South) , the word Deccan comes from this Tamil word Therkku.
Chal : Chel (To Go, To walk etc…) aChal is Chellaa.
Mani : MaNi (bead) Literally it means “That which is not stable, to stay on it (rolling, Shaking)” , Its actually Man(Land where we stay) + I (negation/not there to give)
Maanya = Maanam – (Honour)
Vithi – Vaaitha – Fate, in Tamil Vaaitha, means whatever one got.
Durant/Dura : Thura/துற (Thu=Keeping with inside+ Ra=Giving away), This is a root word in Tamil that means “to Keep off“, “To cut off“, “not accepting in“.
Dwar : Thurai/துறை (the root should be Thura/துற) in Tamil it refers to Entrance, port. The Dwarka(city)’s Tamil name should be from Thurai+akam (gated place or port city)
Dost : Dos : ThOzhan(Male Friend one who is close by), ThOli(Female friend), ThOl(shoulder), after all giving a shoulder is friendship.
DhUl – Thuhal (English Dust also is related)
Bhaaga : Paku, Pakuthi (Split)
Kuntala : Koonthal (Long women hair)
Kutumba : Kudi (Family) Kudil-Hut,
Mukha : Mukam
Aksa : Acchu (axis, axle) Acchaani in Tamil is axle nail.
kRte : Karuthi (for want of, on account of, willing to have) Sanskrit Hridya and English Heart seems to be connected.
Viradh : Thavir (Inverse of sound) (based on sound both Viradham and Thavir means the same ie. (tha (தம்மிடம்) + vi (உள்ளிருக்க வருவதை) + ra (கொண்டு செல்வது) .
Lubh : Ulluvathu, Ulluthal (mindfull, desire for) these all came from the Tamil word Ullam(mind) ultimately from Ul(inside)
[Note: The English word “Love” can be traced to “Ulluvathu”]
Raann : Aran (in Sanskrit or hindi Rann means “battle”, it also refers to the king, but the actual Tamil meaning is that which safe guards and cannot be crossed easily)
Raaja : Arasan ->:means king.
The early Tamil literature like ThiruKural talks about Aran which means protection, fort.
Aran in Tamil means safeguarding or giving protection, normally the King’s place that protects its people, It includes, the fort and gives the protection to the kingdom and its people in times of war. Aran also generally means the task of protection in Tamil.
Arasu means the Goverment or kingdom. Aranmanai is palace, Arasar is king, Arasi is Queen, Ilavarasan is prince.
Vanij : Vaanika (In Tamil meaning Business)
Baya : PEi(That which is frightening, as per the sound pEi, it means – Difficult to add up with)
Dharma : Aram is another similar sounding word that means virtue/justice etc.
The word Aram is widely used in ancient Tamil literature meaning goodness.
Roopa : UruVam /உருவம்
Aham (I) : Aham(Inside, Inner things) (in Tamil it doesn’t come with the same meaning, but the mind part of human is often referred as “Aham”.
Giri : Kurinchi (The Tamil word Kurinchi refers to the land with mountains, the land where everything flows down, not retaining whatever it gains.)
DrAva– Vaartha (Free flowing/ Capacity to come/flow) (again this is just inverse of the letters) .
Mahiyu : Mahil (Tamil word “Makil” means to be Happy, English word Smile is also from this Tamil word)
Mukthika : Mutthu : Pearl (Mu+tthu literally means – Occupying a place Inside + Keeping within inside)
Manam: Mind, மனம் , ம + ன (ஒரு இடத்தில சூழ + நாம் வைத்திருப்பது)- Its common in most Indian languages. “Man” in Tamil literally means that which “Occupying a place + We have”
Mantra : Manthiram
Aayur: Aayul : Age : Aayul means lifetime.
Aank : Kaan/Kan (Eyes) (Ka= Gain, N=Receives)
Priya : Piriyaa (Inseparable)
Kavi : Kalvi (With Knowledge, With Wisdom), (Ka= Gain + from a place + comes from within)
Pitaar: (Parents) : Petravar பெற்றவர் (meaning parents), again this is from Tamil, and in Hindi they use Pithaa.
In Tamil, Peru means “To bring in” and “PetrOr” means “Those who brought us in”.
Saya/SayaGkaala: Evening Time, “SaayanKaalam” or Saayum Kaalam meaning the Hiding Time.
Saayum means to Hide away, “Saavu” means to die, Saai means to “Totally join into”/Leaning onto.
Loka : Ulakam (World) : (in Tamil Ul+akam literally means “Inside place, the place here)
Vaira : Veru (English:Wrath), Veruthal in Tamil means to be hateful, hostile etc..
Rakta :Blood : Kuruthi. In sanskrit there is another word Hridhya the heart.
Kuruthi the blood in Tamil could refer to the softness/freshness/raw state.
Brahmin: Paarpan : should be from root, Paar(watch, wait and see, expect to see) and so Paarppan(Brahman) (I think the meaning should be “one who can foresee “)
Brahmma: “Brh” means to grow swell enlarge etc, which in Tamil will be “peru” பெரு It could be from this word “Perumaan” “பெரும” “The highest”. or this is the equivalent of that word.
Maatra : Maathirai: Maa in Tamil means “in a Place hidden/unknown” “MaaThirai” is “Some unknown content hidden inside its place”.
Thirai means “that which acts itself as a stop”
Thamara” the word for lotus plant.
Rasa : Saaru(சாறு) is the Tamil word for Juice. Rasa is just a little mixing up of sounds in “saaru” to make it little more soft. 🙂
Sutra: ChoorThiram:சூர்த்திறம்: Choor+Thiram= “Chool” in Tamil means to Surround, “Thira” means open, So Sootras are mantras or actions to escape out of difficulties.
Suddha : This is again has a pure Tamil root “Sudhai (சுதை) “, Meaning “To clean” For purity Tamil word is “Thooimai”.
Astra : Sudar (சுடர்) meaning Shine/Glitter in Tamil. Sangam poems use sudar(சுடர்) to refer the planetary bodies, This also could be the origin of English word “Star”.
USta : Sudu(heating, cooking, burning) (inverse in sound, may be the source of the above word Sudar(star)) The Sudu literally should refer to the action of making heat using friction. (join inside + action in)
Ratha: ThEr (Inverse of the sound) (In Tamil “ThEr” means Chariot) Analysing the sound “ThEr” is literally means “having with + inaccessible/distant + taking to”.
Dhiyam : Commonly used in the Vedas related to intelligence, in Tamil it should be “Mathi” மதி also meaning intelligence. ம+தி = Occupying a place + Condition. In Hindi, there is a word “Dhimak” an exact inverse of the word “Mathi”.
Ṛtaasya : Uriya/Uritha (Rightfull)
Surya/Aruna: Sun in Tamil it is Gnyaayiru In Sanskrit There is “Agni” or “Angiraah” Agni which is fire, but Angiraah refer to the fire God Gnyaayiru Sun in Tamil, AAngiraah/Aruna could be some mixup of the sound “Gnaayiru”.
Sthala/tala : Thaal(bottom/floor, Foot part of leg). Thaalvu etc…
Sthan : Thaangu(bear, withstand) Similar to place names that uses Sthaan as prefix.. in Tamil too this word Thaangal is used for many place names. Urdu Istan also needs to mention which means place.
Dhobi/ Dhavaka : Thuvai (To wash, The washing action, To beat hard, To make soft)
Svaada : Suvai(Taste)
Dhand : Thandu (Staff/Stick) is a common word in Tamil, even English words like Stand can be traced to this. There is also Thuduppu(oars)
Thandangeerai, Thandam, Thandanai(beat with the Staff) etc.. are other related words in Tamil.
Kaaya : Yaakkai (body)
Ardha : Arai(half)( The Tamil word comes from the root, Aru, Ari meaning to cut)
Rashi : Saar, (Inverse sound, Saar in Tamil means to rely upon, (Oru Saaraar, means one group)
Vaastu/Vaasi : Vaal, Vaalkai (life)
Aarthi : Aara+Thee , Aara in Tamil means.. goes around, curving/circling action as in aaram(the garland) and Thee means fire.
We can see how common are these words between Sanskrit and Tamil, with slight inverse of sounds. We need better research to find how these evolved.
[Please check the home page to get the meaning of individual meaning of sounds in Tamil]